Holodomor Digital Collections
Seated in the front row are peasants sentenced to death for seeking vengeance against authorities for the seizure of their property.
Description
Creator
Bokan, Nikolai, 1881-1942, Photographer
Media Type
Image
Text
Item Type
Photographs
Description
The individuals seated on the front bench were sentenced to death for seeking vengeance against the authorities for the seizure of their property. They are surrounded by Soviet authorities in uniform. A group of people in civilian clothing are seen in the back rows. The photo appears to have been taken in a school room or community hall. Banners with Soviet propaganda hang in the background.

The group of peasants were likely killed for their resistance to the forced collectivization of agriculture as part of the Soviet Union’s first Five-Year Plan. Private farms were abolished, and state-owned and collective farms were established in their place. At the same time, successful, well off-farmers, labelled kulaks (according to the Soviet regime, these were exploiters of poorer peasants), were persecuted, stripped of their possessions, arrested, deported, and some even executed – a process referred to as “dekulakization.” In practice, any farmer opposed to collectivization, even if not well off, could be labelled a kulak or kulak supporter.
Date of Publication
1933
Local identifier
PD318
Collection
Nikolai Bokan
Language of Item
Russian
Copyright Statement
Copyright status unknown. Responsibility for determining the copyright status and any use rests exclusively with the user.
Location of Original
State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine: https://ssu.gov.ua/ua/pages/98
Terms of Use
Any reproductions of images from the Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine must include the following reference: Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine, fonds 6, case № 75489-fp, volume 2.

Iнформуємо, що при публікації документів ГДА СБУ обов'язкове посилання на місце їх зберігання за зразком: ГДА СБ України, фонд 6, справа 75489-фп, том 2.
Reproduction Notes
Reproduced with the permission of the State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine.
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Seated in the front row are peasants sentenced to death for seeking vengeance against authorities for the seizure of their property.


The individuals seated on the front bench were sentenced to death for seeking vengeance against the authorities for the seizure of their property. They are surrounded by Soviet authorities in uniform. A group of people in civilian clothing are seen in the back rows. The photo appears to have been taken in a school room or community hall. Banners with Soviet propaganda hang in the background.

The group of peasants were likely killed for their resistance to the forced collectivization of agriculture as part of the Soviet Union’s first Five-Year Plan. Private farms were abolished, and state-owned and collective farms were established in their place. At the same time, successful, well off-farmers, labelled kulaks (according to the Soviet regime, these were exploiters of poorer peasants), were persecuted, stripped of their possessions, arrested, deported, and some even executed – a process referred to as “dekulakization.” In practice, any farmer opposed to collectivization, even if not well off, could be labelled a kulak or kulak supporter.