Holodomor
Non-Holodomor: Several children in Ukraine seated in a row, showing evidence of starvation
Description
Creator
unknown, Photographer
Media Type
Image
Text
Item Type
Photographs
Description
One of a series of photographs depicting famine conditions in Ukraine that the Ukrainian Red Cross sent abroad in 1921-1922 to various charitable organizations and to the Ukrainian diaspora press; they did not appear in the Canadian press, although the photos were mentioned. (Serbyn 1992, p. 675.)
These photographs were also mailed to the relief organization, Union international de secours aux enfants with a separate listing of the pictures in an official envelope date-stamped as arriving in Geneva on May 5, 1922.

In 1921, the normally abundant southern steppe areas of Ukraine were suffering from drought and resulting starvation as severe as in the Volga regions of Russia. In spite of this, the Bolsheviks in Moscow requisitioned the harvests from throughout Ukraine to feed the starving populations of Russia’s agricultural regions. The dire conditions in the Ukrainian steppes were further compounded as large numbers of migrants from Russia’s famine zones arrived, expecting to find plentiful sustenance.

When word of famine in Ukraine reached the American Relief Administration (ARA) in late 1921, their investigators were initially denied permission by Moscow to inspect the area. Eventually, Moscow relented and the ARA investigators discovered alarming conditions and urged immediate relief. Following extensive negotiations with the Kremlin and Kharkiv, the ARA was finally allowed to open food kitchens and medical relief programs in January of 1922 throughout the famine-stricken regions of southern Ukraine.
Notes
Photo taken between 1921-1922.

This is #14 of 17 photographs that were mailed by the Ukrainian Red Cross with a separate numbered list in an official envelope date-stamped as arriving in Geneva on May 5, 1922. They are now housed among the documents of the "Union international de secours aux enfants" in the Canton Archives of Geneva, Switzerland.


Also available for viewing and download, with limitations, from the International Committee of the Red Cross, Audiovisual Archives: https://avarchives.icrc.org/Picture/9380.
(The location is incorrectly stated as Bardiansk, Russia)


Misattributed in the 1930s as documentation of the Holodomor in:

Ammende, Ewald. 1936. Human Life in Russia. London: G. Allen & Unwin.), f.p. 33. (reprinted in 1984 as: Ammende, Ewald, and James E. Mace. 1984. Human life in Russia. Cleveland : Zubal. )
Caption: “Starving, homeless children - the bezprizornie”

See also: Related Features on right.

Inscriptions
#14 on photo. Accompanying list identifies the photo as : "Діти опухлі від голоду (Гуляй Поле)." "Enfants affamés (Huliai Pole)." [starving children, (Hulyaypole).]
Date of Original
1921-1922
Date Of Event
1921-1923
Subject(s)
Corporate Name(s)
Red Cross Society of Ukraine (1918-1923) ; Union international de secours aux enfants ; International Save the Children Union
Local identifier
PD803
Collection
Select 1920s famine photos from Ukraine and Russia
Language of Item
English; French; Ukrainian
Geographic Coverage
  • Zaporizhia, Ukraine
    Latitude: 47.66389 Longitude: 36.25633
Copyright Statement
Copyright status unknown. Responsibility for determining the copyright status and any use rests exclusively with the user.
Recommended Citation
Serbyn, Roman. Голод 1921-1923 і Українська преса в Канаді. Toronto: Ukrainian Canadian Research and Documentation Centre, 1992. p. 683.
Retrieved from: http://vitacollections.ca/HREC-holodomorphotodirectory/3633355/data
Location of Original
Original photograph used in the cited publication held by: Archives d'Etat de Genève (State Archives of the Canton of Geneva), Switzerland.


Terms of Use
Contact: Archives d'Etat de Genève (State Archives of the Canton of Geneva), Switzerland for access to the original photograph.
Reproduction Notes
Reproduced with permission from: Serbyn, Roman. Голод 1921-1923 і Українська преса в Канаді. Toronto: Ukrainian Canadian Research and Documentation Centre, 1992. p. 683.
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Non-Holodomor: Several children in Ukraine seated in a row, showing evidence of starvation


One of a series of photographs depicting famine conditions in Ukraine that the Ukrainian Red Cross sent abroad in 1921-1922 to various charitable organizations and to the Ukrainian diaspora press; they did not appear in the Canadian press, although the photos were mentioned. (Serbyn 1992, p. 675.)
These photographs were also mailed to the relief organization, Union international de secours aux enfants with a separate listing of the pictures in an official envelope date-stamped as arriving in Geneva on May 5, 1922.

In 1921, the normally abundant southern steppe areas of Ukraine were suffering from drought and resulting starvation as severe as in the Volga regions of Russia. In spite of this, the Bolsheviks in Moscow requisitioned the harvests from throughout Ukraine to feed the starving populations of Russia’s agricultural regions. The dire conditions in the Ukrainian steppes were further compounded as large numbers of migrants from Russia’s famine zones arrived, expecting to find plentiful sustenance.

When word of famine in Ukraine reached the American Relief Administration (ARA) in late 1921, their investigators were initially denied permission by Moscow to inspect the area. Eventually, Moscow relented and the ARA investigators discovered alarming conditions and urged immediate relief. Following extensive negotiations with the Kremlin and Kharkiv, the ARA was finally allowed to open food kitchens and medical relief programs in January of 1922 throughout the famine-stricken regions of southern Ukraine.