Holodomor
Non-Holodomor: Corpses of children who died of starvation in the streets of Kherson lie in a heap at a mortuary
Description
Creator
unknown, Photographer
Media Type
Image
Text
Item Types
Book illustrations
Photographs
Description
This is one of a set of 20 photographs that illustrate La Famine en Ukraine, rapport, by Vidkun Quisling, April 30, 1922, described in the notes below. The photographs are housed among the documents of the "Union international de secours aux enfants" deposited in the Canton Archives of Geneva. Another nearly identical series of 17 photographs depicting famine conditions in Ukraine are also deposited at the Canton Archives. The latter photographs were in the possession of the Ukrainian Red Cross and sent abroad in 1921-1922 to various charitable organizations and to the Ukrainian diaspora press.

In 1921,the normally abundant southern steppe areas of Ukraine were suffering from drought and subsequent starvation as severe as in the Volga regions of Russia. However, the Bolsheviks in Moscow requisitioned the harvests from throughout Ukraine to feed the starving populations of Russia’s agricultural regions.The dire conditions in the Ukrainian steppes were further compounded as large numbers of migrants from Russia’s famine zones arrived, expecting to find plentiful sustenance.

When word of famine in Ukraine reached the American Relief Administration (ARA) in late 1921, their investigators were initially denied permission by Moscow to inspect the area. Eventually, Moscow relented and the ARA investigators discovered alarming conditions and urged immediate relief. Following extensive negotiations with the Kremlin and Kharkiv, the ARA was finally allowed to open food kitchens and medical relief programs in January of 1922 throughout the famine-stricken regions of southern Ukraine.
Notes
Photo taken between 1921-1922.

Photo source: Information report series published by the Comité International de Secours a la Russie, Haut Commissariat du Dr. Nansen: no. 22: La Famine en Ukraine, rapport, by Vidkun Quisling. April 30, 1922. Genève: Imp. de H. Vollet . p.20. http://diasporiana.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/books/16481/file.pdf

Also published in: Herasymovych, Ivan. 1922. Holod na Ukraïni. Biblioteka Ukraïnʹkoho Slova, Ch. 31. Berlin: Ukr. slovo, p.122. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=inu.32000004088656&view=1up&seq=128
Caption: “Трупи дітей, що померли на вулицях від холоду, зложені в трупарні м. Херсон.” [The bodies of children who had died on the streets from starvation, deposited at a morgue.]

This photo appears as #8 of 17 photographs that were mailed by the Ukrainian Red Cross with a separate numbered list in an official envelope date-stamped as arriving in Geneva on May 5, 1922. They are now housed among the documents of the "Union international de secours aux enfants" in the Canton Archives of Geneva, Switzerland. (Serbyn 1992, p.675.)
Listed as: #8: "Трупи дітей, померлих від голоду, зложені в моргу." "Des cadavres d'enfants, victimes de la famine, entassés dans une morgue." [Corpses of children, victims of the famine, piled up in a morgue.]


Also available for viewing and download, with limitations: International Committee of the Red Cross, https://avarchives.icrc.org/Picture/23512
(location misidentified as Russia)

This image was also used in a poster and on a postcard to raise relief funds, 1921-1922, by the Conference universelle juive de secours (Jewish World Relief Conference).(Сербин, 2010)

See also: Related Features on right.

Inscriptions
Caption: “Un coin de la morgue de Kherson.” [A corner of the Kherson morgue.]
Date of Original
1921-1922
Date Of Event
1921-1923
Subject(s)
Personal Name(s)
Quisling, Vidkun
Corporate Name(s)
American Relief Administration ; Comité International de Secours a la Russie ; Conference universelle juive de secours ; International Save the Children Union ; Jewish World Relief Conference ; Nansen Mission ; Red Cross Society of Ukraine (1918-1923) ; Union international de secours aux enfants
Local identifier
PD801
Collection
Select 1920s famine photos from Ukraine and Russia
Language of Item
English; French; Ukrainian
Geographic Coverage
  • Kherson, Ukraine
    Latitude: 46.65581 Longitude: 32.6178
Copyright Statement
Public domain: Copyright has expired according to Canadian law. No restrictions on use.
Copyright Date
1922
Recommended Citation
Information / Comité International de Secours a la Russie, Haut Commissariat du Dr. Nansen: no. 22: La Famine en Ukraine, rapport, by Vidkun Quisling. April 30, 1922, p.20. http://diasporiana.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/books/16481/file.pdf
Retrieved from: http://vitacollections.ca/HREC-holodomorphotodirectory/3636158/data

Location of Original
Original photograph used in the cited publications held by: Archives d'Etat de Genève (State Archives of the Canton of Geneva), Switzerland.


Reproduction Notes
Reproduced from the digitized version of the publication cited above.
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Non-Holodomor: Corpses of children who died of starvation in the streets of Kherson lie in a heap at a mortuary


This is one of a set of 20 photographs that illustrate La Famine en Ukraine, rapport, by Vidkun Quisling, April 30, 1922, described in the notes below. The photographs are housed among the documents of the "Union international de secours aux enfants" deposited in the Canton Archives of Geneva. Another nearly identical series of 17 photographs depicting famine conditions in Ukraine are also deposited at the Canton Archives. The latter photographs were in the possession of the Ukrainian Red Cross and sent abroad in 1921-1922 to various charitable organizations and to the Ukrainian diaspora press.

In 1921,the normally abundant southern steppe areas of Ukraine were suffering from drought and subsequent starvation as severe as in the Volga regions of Russia. However, the Bolsheviks in Moscow requisitioned the harvests from throughout Ukraine to feed the starving populations of Russia’s agricultural regions.The dire conditions in the Ukrainian steppes were further compounded as large numbers of migrants from Russia’s famine zones arrived, expecting to find plentiful sustenance.

When word of famine in Ukraine reached the American Relief Administration (ARA) in late 1921, their investigators were initially denied permission by Moscow to inspect the area. Eventually, Moscow relented and the ARA investigators discovered alarming conditions and urged immediate relief. Following extensive negotiations with the Kremlin and Kharkiv, the ARA was finally allowed to open food kitchens and medical relief programs in January of 1922 throughout the famine-stricken regions of southern Ukraine.