Holodomor
Several families from the countryside on their way to Kharkiv by foot
Description
Creator
Wienerberger, Alexander, 1891-1955, Photographer
Media Type
Image
Text
Item Types
Photographs
Photograph albums
Description
We are shown a group of people consisting primarily of women and children with a handful of men at the lead. Ahead of all is a horse drawn wagon, too distant to see what is carried in it. Almost everyone is carrying a sack over their shoulder, and some carry extra outerwear. Some are walking barefoot. The bags may hold a very few personal essentials, and quite likely some things to sell or trade for food. Wienerberger wrote in his memoir that these people are starving rural residents heading out to the city "um hier Hilfe, Brot, Arbeit oder Erbarmen zu finden" [to find help, bread, work or mercy]. (Hart auf Hart, p.180).

In the winter of 1932, Moscow closed the borders of Ukraine and the Kuban to stop the rapidly increasing numbers of residents from leaving in search of food. Those apprehended at the borders were either arrested and deported or sent back to die in their villages. New internal passport requirements were instituted in 1932 and expanded in 1933 which restricted travel from the villages to the cities, and mandated residency registration in the cities. But with their last food reserves stripped away from them, the desperate, starving rural residents continued to turn to the major urban and industrial centers of Ukraine as their last hope.

Notes
Photo taken between spring – late summer, 1933.

Photo source: Wienerberger, Alexander. Die Hungertragödie in Südrussland 1933; also known as the Innitzer Album, 1934. p.1.

This is one of 25 photographs depicting life and death in and around Kharkiv during the Holodomor that the photographer put together in a small album with a handwritten title: Die Hungertragödie in Südrussland 1933 [The Tragedy of Famine in South Russia 1933.] He presented the album to the Roman Catholic Cardinal Theodor Innitzer of Vienna in 1934 as an expression of appreciation for the Cardinal’s efforts in trying to organize an international campaign to assist the victims of starvation in 1933. The album is housed in the collections of the Diözesanarchiv, Vienna, Austria.

For essays and a listing of originals and versions published through 1939 with their captions, check Related Features below photo and Home page menus.
Inscriptions
Handwritten caption in album: “Die hungernden Bauern verlassen das Dorf, um Hilfe in der Stadt zu finden.” [The starving farmers leave the village to find help in the city.]
Date of Original
1933
Date Of Event
1933
Dimensions
Width: 24 cm
Height: 13.8 cm
Image Dimensions
Image Width: 10.8cm
Image Height: 7.9cm
Subject(s)
Local identifier
PD2
Collection
Alexander Wienerberger: Innitzer album
Language of Item
German
Geographic Coverage
Copyright Statement
Protected by copyright: Uses other than research or private study require the permission of the rightsholder(s). Responsibility for obtaining permissions and for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Copyright Holder
Samara Pearce https://www.samarapearce.com/
Recommended Citation
Wienerberger, Alexander. Die Hungertragödie in Südrussland 1933: Album Presented by the Photographer to Cardinal Theodor Innitzer of Vienna. Vienna: Diözesanarchiv der Erzdiözese, [1934]. p.1. Retrieved from: http://vitacollections.ca/HREC-holodomorphotodirectory/3636352/data
Location of Original
Diözesanarchiv - Bibliothek, Vienna, Austria. Please contact this archive for official reproductions.
Terms of Use
Rightsholder requests that the name of the photographer, Alexander Wienerberger, accompany each authentic reproduction of his work.
Reproduction Notes
Reproduced with the permission of rightsholder Samara Pearce and the Diözesanarchiv - Bibliothek, Vienna, Austria.
Powered by / Alimenté par VITA Toolkit




My favourites lets you save items you like, tag them and group them into collections for your own personal use. Viewing "My favourites" will open in a new tab. Login here or start a My favourites account.

thumbnail








Several families from the countryside on their way to Kharkiv by foot


We are shown a group of people consisting primarily of women and children with a handful of men at the lead. Ahead of all is a horse drawn wagon, too distant to see what is carried in it. Almost everyone is carrying a sack over their shoulder, and some carry extra outerwear. Some are walking barefoot. The bags may hold a very few personal essentials, and quite likely some things to sell or trade for food. Wienerberger wrote in his memoir that these people are starving rural residents heading out to the city "um hier Hilfe, Brot, Arbeit oder Erbarmen zu finden" [to find help, bread, work or mercy]. (Hart auf Hart, p.180).

In the winter of 1932, Moscow closed the borders of Ukraine and the Kuban to stop the rapidly increasing numbers of residents from leaving in search of food. Those apprehended at the borders were either arrested and deported or sent back to die in their villages. New internal passport requirements were instituted in 1932 and expanded in 1933 which restricted travel from the villages to the cities, and mandated residency registration in the cities. But with their last food reserves stripped away from them, the desperate, starving rural residents continued to turn to the major urban and industrial centers of Ukraine as their last hope.