Holodomor
Non-Holodomor: Young girl, unclothed to show her swollen abdomen and skeletal limbs, stands near the doorway to her house in Russia
Description
Creator
Liberman, Isaiah, 1885 -1921, Photographer
Media Type
Image
Text
Item Types
Book illustrations
Photographs
Pamphlet illustrations
Postcards
Description
Many photographs taken during the 1920s international relief missions were posed, such as this one, and many include children partially or fully unclothed to show the effects of starvation on the body. To date, we have not located any authenticated photos from the Holodomor that present a posed, partially or fully unclothed person suffering from starvation.

This photograph was used in newsletters, pamphlets, postcards, and posters to raise awareness, garner sympathy, and raise funds, particularly in Western Europe, for the massive relief effort that was quickly organized in 1921 to help the starving regions of Russia and later, Ukraine.

The main participants in the international relief effort were the American Relief Administration (ARA) chaired by Herbert Hoover and the International Committee for Russian Relief led by Fridtjof Nansen. The largest and most consequential by far was the ARA. Participants that coordinated with one or the other organization included, among others, the American Friends Service Committee and the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from the US; and from Europe: the International Save the Children Union, Friends Emergency War Victims Relief Committee, and the International Red Cross.

Buguruslan was part of Samara Province in the lower Volga region of Russia in the 1920s.
Notes
Photo taken 1921.

Photo source: Gorki, Maxim, Gerhart Hauptmann, and Fridtjof Nansen. 1922. Russland und die Welt. Berlin: Verl. für Politik und Wirtschaft, [unpag.photo section titled: Durch Not und Elend. Originalaufnahmen von Fridtjof Nansen aus dem russischen Hungergebiet.] https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=inu.32000014437950;view=1up;seq=42


Original photo can be viewed in the National Library of Norway digital collection. http://nabo.nb.no/trip?_t=0&_b=NANSEN_ENG&_s=E&_n=0&_q=50&_l=www_eng_l&
_r=P1071
The National Library of Norway has made its photo available for high resolution downloading here:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Girl_affected_by_famine_in_Buguruslan,_Russia_-_1921.jpg
Caption: “In the village S. Sojekjejevo. A starving 7 year old girl who has a swollen stomach due to prolonged starvation, and because she has eaten grass.”

Also available for viewing and download, with limitations, from the International Committee of the Red Cross, Audiovisual Archives: https://avarchives.icrc.org/Picture/9377



Also released as a postcard: “La famine en Russie.IX.” Union internationale de secours aux enfants, Geneva, 1922. (Ninth in a series of 9 postcards created by the UISE), with text in French, mailed out to raise funds and awareness of the 1921-22 famine.

Caption: “La Famine en Russie. IX. SEULE AU MONDE! Image navrante de la misere enfantine! Hatons-nous de secourir les milliers et les milliers d-enfants semblables a cette pauvre petite. 1.10 fr.-or suffit a nourrir un enfant pendant une semaine.” [ALONE IN THE WORLD! Heartbreaking picture of child misery! Let us take care of the thousands and thousands of children like this poor little girl. 1.10 francs is enough to feed a child for a week.]


See also: Related Features on right.

Inscriptions
Caption: “Kinderschicksal.” [the children’s fate]
Date of Original
1921
Date Of Event
1921-1923
Subject(s)
Personal Name(s)
Nansen, Fridtjof
Corporate Name(s)
American Relief Administration ; International Committee for Russian Relief ; Union internationale de secours aux enfants
Local identifier
PD822
Collection
Select 1920s famine photos from Ukraine and Russia
Language of Item
English; French
Geographic Coverage
  • Orenburg, Russia
    Latitude: 53.6554 Longitude: 52.442
Copyright Statement
Public domain: Copyright has expired according to Canadian law. No restrictions on use.
Recommended Citation
Nansen, Fridtjof, Gerhart Hauptmann, and Maxim Gorki. Russland Und Die Welt. Berlin: Verlag für Politik und Wirtschaft, 1922. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=inu.32000014437950;view=1up;seq=42


Retrieved from: http://vitacollections.ca/HREC-holodomorphotodirectory/3636700/data
Location of Original
National Library of Norway, Oslo, Norway.
Terms of Use
The Wikimedia Commons image is in public domain; however: "Please provide information about where the image was first published, who created it, and when the photographer died, if known. The right to be attributed does not expire in Norway."
Reproduction Notes
Photo reproduced from pamphlet as cited above. (Note that the Wikimedia commons source provides better image quality.)
Wikimedia Commons image is in public domain; however: "Please provide information about where the image was first published, who created it, and when the photographer died, if known. The right to be attributed does not expire in Norway."
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Non-Holodomor: Young girl, unclothed to show her swollen abdomen and skeletal limbs, stands near the doorway to her house in Russia


Many photographs taken during the 1920s international relief missions were posed, such as this one, and many include children partially or fully unclothed to show the effects of starvation on the body. To date, we have not located any authenticated photos from the Holodomor that present a posed, partially or fully unclothed person suffering from starvation.

This photograph was used in newsletters, pamphlets, postcards, and posters to raise awareness, garner sympathy, and raise funds, particularly in Western Europe, for the massive relief effort that was quickly organized in 1921 to help the starving regions of Russia and later, Ukraine.

The main participants in the international relief effort were the American Relief Administration (ARA) chaired by Herbert Hoover and the International Committee for Russian Relief led by Fridtjof Nansen. The largest and most consequential by far was the ARA. Participants that coordinated with one or the other organization included, among others, the American Friends Service Committee and the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from the US; and from Europe: the International Save the Children Union, Friends Emergency War Victims Relief Committee, and the International Red Cross.

Buguruslan was part of Samara Province in the lower Volga region of Russia in the 1920s.