Holodomor
Non-Holodomor: Dead passengers, including an infant, lay on the floor of a railroad boxcar in Russia
Description
Creator
unknown, Photographer
Media Type
Image
Text
Item Type
Photographs
Description
The story is unknown behind this shocking image of a family - perhaps stowaways, found dead in a railroad box car. However, it is one of many tragic scenes captured on film during the massive relief effort that was quickly organized in 1921 to help the starving regions of Russia and later, Ukraine. As part of the relief mission, food warehouses and temporary medical facilities were erected, transport logistics were developed and implemented and large numbers of outside volunteers came to train and support local residents in medical assistance and to help in the distribution of food and medical supplies. All these efforts, including the conditions of the victims that were found, dead or alive, were carefully documented.

The main participants in the international relief effort were the American Relief Administration (ARA) chaired by Herbert Hoover and the International Committee for Russian Relief led by Fridtjof Nansen. The largest and most consequential by far was the ARA. Participants that coordinated with one or the other organization included, among others: the American Friends Service Committee and the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from the US; and from Europe: the International Save the Children Union, Friends Emergency War Victims Relief Committee, and the International Red Cross.
Notes
Photo taken between 1921-1922.
Photo source: Bildarchiv [File 68/62/7A]: Bundesarchiv, Koblenz, Germany.
A small print of this photograph is part of a collection of Russian famine photos from the Volga region which was in the possession of Dr. O. Fischer. Each photo bears his signature, includes a caption, and is dated March 1922 on the back of the photo. The photographs were later donated to the Bundesarchiv.


Also available for viewing and download, with limitations, from the International Committee of the Red Cross, Audiovisual Archives, https://avarchives.icrc.org/Picture/9435


Misattributed as documentation of the 1930’s Soviet famine:

Ammende, Ewald. 1936. Human Life in Russia. London: G. Allen & Unwin.), f.p. 192. (reprinted in 1984 as: Ammende, Ewald, and James E. Mace. 1984. Human life in Russia. Cleveland : Zubal.)
Caption: “families boarded a train and went to Kharkov to demand food, which they did not, however, receive. When the train was opened they were found to have died from hunger on the return journey.”



See also: Related Features on right.

Inscriptions
Caption: “Wolgagebiet, Eine auf der flucht begriffene, in einen Eisenbahnwaggon gestorbene Familie.” [in the Volga region, a family on the run is found dead in a railway car.]
Date of Original
1921-1922
Date Of Event
1921-1923
Subject(s)
Local identifier
PD826
Collection
Select 1920s famine photos from Ukraine and Russia
Language of Item
German
Geographic Coverage
  • Russia
    Latitude: 45.91947 Longitude: 47.86816
Copyright Statement
Protected by copyright: Uses other than research or private study require the permission of the rightsholder(s). Responsibility for obtaining permissions and for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Recommended Citation
“Wolgagebiet, Eine auf der flucht begriffene, in einen Eisenbahnwaggon gestorbene Familie.” Bildarchiv [File 68/62/7A]: Bundesarchiv, Koblenz, Germany.
Retrieved from: http://vitacollections.ca/HREC-holodomorphotodirectory/3637105/data
Location of Original
Bildarchiv [File 68/62/7A]: Bundesarchiv, Koblenz, Germany
Terms of Use
"Weitergabe dieser Aufnahme nicht gestattet" [Dissemination of this reproduction is not permitted]. For any use beside private study, contact the Bildarchiv: Bundesarchiv, Koblenz, Germany for permission.
Reproduction Notes
Permission pending;
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Non-Holodomor: Dead passengers, including an infant, lay on the floor of a railroad boxcar in Russia


The story is unknown behind this shocking image of a family - perhaps stowaways, found dead in a railroad box car. However, it is one of many tragic scenes captured on film during the massive relief effort that was quickly organized in 1921 to help the starving regions of Russia and later, Ukraine. As part of the relief mission, food warehouses and temporary medical facilities were erected, transport logistics were developed and implemented and large numbers of outside volunteers came to train and support local residents in medical assistance and to help in the distribution of food and medical supplies. All these efforts, including the conditions of the victims that were found, dead or alive, were carefully documented.

The main participants in the international relief effort were the American Relief Administration (ARA) chaired by Herbert Hoover and the International Committee for Russian Relief led by Fridtjof Nansen. The largest and most consequential by far was the ARA. Participants that coordinated with one or the other organization included, among others: the American Friends Service Committee and the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from the US; and from Europe: the International Save the Children Union, Friends Emergency War Victims Relief Committee, and the International Red Cross.