Holodomor
Non-Holodomor: A cart loaded with corpses collected along the streets of Kherson and stripped of their clothing is on its way to the cemetery
Description
Creator
unknown, Photographer
Media Type
Image
Text
Item Types
Book illustrations
Photographs
Pamphlet illustrations
Description
One of a series of photographs depicting famine conditions in Ukraine that the Ukrainian Red Cross sent abroad in 1921-1922 to various charitable organizations and to the Ukrainian diaspora press. It was also one of 20 photographs taken in Ukraine that was featured in the Haut Commissariat du Dr. Nansen, rapport no. 22: La Famine en Ukraine, April 1922. See Notes below.

In 1921,the normally abundant southern steppe areas of Ukraine were suffering from drought and subsequent starvation as severe as in the Volga regions of Russia. In spite of this, the Bolsheviks in Moscow requisitioned the harvests from throughout Ukraine to feed the starving populations of Russia’s agricultural regions. The dire conditions in the Ukrainian steppes were further compounded as large numbers of migrants from Russia’s famine zones arrived, expecting to find plentiful sustenance.

When word of famine in Ukraine reached the American Relief Administration (ARA) in late 1921, their investigators were initially denied permission by Moscow to inspect the area. Eventually, Moscow relented and the ARA investigators discovered alarming conditions and urged immediate relief. Following extensive negotiations with the Kremlin and Kharkiv, the ARA was finally allowed to open food kitchens and medical relief programs in January of 1922 throughout the famine-stricken regions of southern Ukraine.
Notes
Photo taken between 1921-1922.

Photo source: Herasymovych, Ivan. 1922. Holod na Ukraïni. Biblioteka Ukraïnʹkoho Slova, Ch. 31. Berlin: Ukr. slovo, p. 96.
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=inu.32000004088656;view=1up;seq=102

This photo appears as #10 of 17 photographs housed among the documents of the "Union international de secours aux enfants" deposited in the Canton Archives of Geneva, Switzerland. These photographs were originally sent by the Ukrainian Red Cross with a separate numbered list in an official envelope date-stamped as arriving in Geneva on May 5, 1922. (Serbyn 1992, p. 675.)
Listed as:
10. "Перевіз на цвинтар трупів померлих від голоду. Трупи були позбирані на вулицях міста Херсону." "Transport au cimetière de cadavres ramassés dans les rues (ville de Kherson)." [Transport of corpses to the cemetery which were collected along the streets (city of Kherson].

Also published that same year in the Information report series issued by the Comité International de Secours a la Russie, Haut Commissariat du Dr. Nansen, no. 22: La Famine en Ukraine, rapport, by Vidkun Quisling. April 30, 1922. Genève: Imp. de H. Vollet . p.21. http://diasporiana.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/books/16481/file.pdf
Caption: “Le corbillard de Kherson.” [The hearse of Kherson]


Also available for viewing and download, with limitations, from the International Committee of the Red Cross, Audiovisual Archives: https://avarchives.icrc.org/Picture/5420
(Location incorrectly given as Russia).


Misattributed as documentation of the 1930’s Soviet famine:

Ammende, Ewald. 1936. Human Life in Russia. London: G. Allen & Unwin., f.p. 193. (reprinted in 1984 as: Ammende, Ewald, and James E. Mace. 1984. Human life in Russia. Cleveland : Zubal. )
Caption: “The last journey”

See also: Related Features on right.

Inscriptions
Caption: “Трупи зібрані на вулицях Херсону в дорозі на цвинтар.” [Corpses collected on the streets of Kherson on the way to the cemetery.]
Date of Original
1921-1922
Date Of Event
1921-1923
Subject(s)
Corporate Name(s)
American Relief Administration ; Comité International de Secours a la Russie ; Red Cross Society of Ukraine (1918-1923) ; Union international de secours aux enfants ; International Save the Children Union ; Nansen Mission
Local identifier
PD800
Collection
Select 1920s famine photos from Ukraine and Russia
Language of Item
English; French; Ukrainian
Geographic Coverage
  • Kherson, Ukraine
    Latitude: 46.61667 Longitude: 32.6
Copyright Statement
Public domain: Copyright has expired according to Canadian law. No restrictions on use.
Copyright Date
1922
Recommended Citation
Herasymovych, Ivan. 1922. Holod na Ukraïni. Biblioteka Ukraïnʹkoho Slova, Ch. 31. Berlin: Ukr. slovo, p. 96. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=inu.32000004088656;view=1up;seq=102
Retrieved from: http://vitacollections.ca/HREC-holodomorphotodirectory/3640251/data

Location of Original
Original photograph used in the cited publications held by: Archives d'Etat de Genève (State Archives of the Canton of Geneva), Switzerland.


Reproduction Notes
Reproduced from Herasymovych cited above.
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Non-Holodomor: A cart loaded with corpses collected along the streets of Kherson and stripped of their clothing is on its way to the cemetery


One of a series of photographs depicting famine conditions in Ukraine that the Ukrainian Red Cross sent abroad in 1921-1922 to various charitable organizations and to the Ukrainian diaspora press. It was also one of 20 photographs taken in Ukraine that was featured in the Haut Commissariat du Dr. Nansen, rapport no. 22: La Famine en Ukraine, April 1922. See Notes below.

In 1921,the normally abundant southern steppe areas of Ukraine were suffering from drought and subsequent starvation as severe as in the Volga regions of Russia. In spite of this, the Bolsheviks in Moscow requisitioned the harvests from throughout Ukraine to feed the starving populations of Russia’s agricultural regions. The dire conditions in the Ukrainian steppes were further compounded as large numbers of migrants from Russia’s famine zones arrived, expecting to find plentiful sustenance.

When word of famine in Ukraine reached the American Relief Administration (ARA) in late 1921, their investigators were initially denied permission by Moscow to inspect the area. Eventually, Moscow relented and the ARA investigators discovered alarming conditions and urged immediate relief. Following extensive negotiations with the Kremlin and Kharkiv, the ARA was finally allowed to open food kitchens and medical relief programs in January of 1922 throughout the famine-stricken regions of southern Ukraine.