William Lyon Mackenzie King
- Media Type
- Item Type
- A black and white studio, head and shoulders, portrait of William Lyon Mackenzie King.
- William Lyon Mackenzie King (commonly known as Mackenzie King) was born on December 17, 1874 in Berlin, (now Kitchener) Ontario. His parents were John King and Isabella Grace Mackenzie. He was the grandson of William Lyon Mackenzie, leader of the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837.
King grew up with three siblings: sisters, Isabella (Bella) and Janet (Jennie), and brother Dougall McDougall (Max). He studied at Berlin Central School (now Suddaby Public School) and the Berlin High School (now Kitchener-Waterloo Collegiate Institute). King and his family lived at Woodside, now a national historic site in Kitchener, from 1886 to 1893.
He graduated in 1895 from the University of Toronto and studied economics at Chicago and Harvard. Trained in law and social work, he was keenly interested in the human condition. In 1900, he became Canada's first deputy Minister of Labour.
His political career started in 1908 with his election as a Liberal Member of Parliament for North York. He later became the Minister of Labour in 1909. He was defeated in the federal elections of 1911 and 1917. He succeeded Laurier as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in 1919 until 1948.
He served as the tenth Prime Minister of Canada from December 29, 1921 to June 28, 1926; from September 25, 1926 to August 7, 1930; and from October 23, 1935 to November 15, 1948. A Liberal with 22 years in office, he was the longest-serving Prime Minister in Canadian history. Some key accomplishments of his terms include the creation of old age pensions in 1926, unemployment insurance in 1940, family allowances in 1944, and his leadership of Canada through World War II from 1939 to 1945. He also appointed the first woman to the Senate in 1930.
Mackenzie King died on 22 July 1950 at Kingsmere, his home in Gatineau Park, Quebec, approximately 20 km from Ottawa. He was buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Toronto.
- Date of Original
- Date Of Event
Width: 20 cm
Height: 25.3 cm
- Image Dimensions
Image Width: 15.2cm
Image Height: 18.7cm
- Personal Name(s)
- King, William Lyon Mackenzie ; King,Mackenzie
- Local identifier
- Waterloo Historical Society
- Copyright Statement
- Copyright status unknown. Responsibility for determining the copyright status and any use rests exclusively with the user.
- Location of Original
- If you would like to obtain a digital or print copy of this image, please see KPL's Photographic Reproduction Policy at http://www.kpl.org/localhistory/photographs
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