At first a dissonant voice and a newspaper openly critical of fascism, L’Araldo del Canada subsequently became the twin-newspaper of L’Italia, the longest serving Italian language philo-fascist periodical published in Montreal between 1916-1940.
Originally founded in the years of the Great War in support of the patriotic fervor of the Italians residing outside Italy like many periodicals of the Italian migration to North America, L’Italia was directed alternately by Giulio Romano and Camillo Vetere. The latter held the editorship of the periodical from 1922 until 1937.
Vetere briefly left his post as editor-in-chief of L’Italia to direct L’Araldo del Canada in 1926 and 1932. Before the management of Vetere, L’Araldo was published and directed by Antonino Spada, one of the few voices that publicly opposed the regime in 1930s Montreal.
After the change of editorship that presumably occurred around 1924, the weekly periodical was first shaped by Vetere, and then by its new director Camillo Incoronato between 1929-1931. During the management of Incoronato, Vetere’s sidekick and secretary of the Fascio Luparini of Montreal, L’Araldo progressively and steadily aligned with Mussolini’s ‘creed’. Eventually becoming the official organ of the leading fascist club of the city, it was called the ‘Organ of the Montreal Fascio’ between 1929 and 1932.
Strenuously supporting fascist policies and politics, L’Araldo chose the motto ‘Deo et Patriae’ (To God and To the Motherland) in order to honor the felicitous clerico-fascist partnership established between the Vatican and the regime with the Concordat of 1929.
L’Araldo reported compulsively on religious activities within and outside the Italian community and focused on the description and minute accounting of the Holy See’s internal operations including Pope Pius XI’s political and ecclesiastical initiatives. Editorialists offered extensive, biased and fascist-inspired commentaries on papal documents, public appearances, and appointments of new cardinals.
L’Araldo’s support for the Vatican as the ideal political partner of Mussolini’s regime lasted well into the Thirties but significantly diminished once the pope started growing increasingly frustrated at the Duce’s attempts to annihilate the Catholic Church and absorb it within the sphere of influence of the Partito Nazionale Fascista (Fascist National Party).
Brera, Matteo. 2020. ‘Il Concordato, i fascisti e un dipinto conteso. Presenze di Pio XI nel Canada degli anni Trenta’, in Franco Cajani, (ed), Pio XI e il suo tempo. Atti del Convegno di Studi, Desio, 8 febbraio 2020, CISD PIO XI, Special issue of i Quaderni della Brianza 43, 186, pp. 183-202.