Holodomor Digital Collections
The Maniak Collection
Records

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We found
110
matching items
  • Komlichenko, Tetiana
        Letter sent from: Village of Zuivtsi, Myrhorod raion, Poltava oblast Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Village of Zuivtsi, Myrhorod raion, Kharkiv oblast Current location name: Village of Zuivtsi, Myrhorod raion, Poltava oblast The author describes events in Zuivtsi, Myrhorod raion, Poltava oblast. She was 9 years old during the Famine. ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Zuivtsi, Myrhorod raion, Poltava oblast Letter describes ...
  • Korupii, Ivan
        Letter sent from: Koziatyn, Vinnytsia oblast Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Village of Vilshka, Brusyliv raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Village of Vilshka, Korostyshiv raion, Zhytomyr oblast Author was 6 or 7 years old at the time of the Famine. His father was one of the first to enter ...
      Letter sent from: Koziatyn, Vinnytsia oblast Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Village ...
  • Chepela, Semen (Semion Chepela)
        Letter sent from: Nizhyn, Chernihiv olbast Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Village of Hymo-Riabushyne, Nizhyn raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Village of Perebudova, Nizhyn raion, Chernihiv oblast The author was 12 years old at the time of the famine; his parents had three children. A very detailed account of ...
      Letter sent from: Nizhyn, Chernihiv olbast Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Village ...
  • Slavhorodsky, P.M. (2), Antonina Polishchuk, Denys Lebid
        Letter sent from: Buzhanka, Lysianka raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Villages of Zhabianka, Buzhanka and Yablynivka, all in Lysianka raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Villages of Zhabianka, Buzhanka and Yablynivka, all in Lysianka raion, Cherkasy oblast Slavhorodsky sends a picture of a Stalinist “Janissary” Mykhailo ...
      Letter sent from: Buzhanka, Lysianka raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in ...
  • Okhrimiuk, Volodymyr
        Letter sent from:Mykolaiv Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Village of Puhachivka, Zhashkiv raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Village of Puhachivka, Zhashkiv raion, Cherkasy oblast The author is a retired journalist. In 1933, he was 16 and a schoolteacher for the first-graders in a school in Puhachivka. He is asking ...
      Letter sent from:Mykolaiv Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Village of Puhachivka, Zhashkiv ...
  • Prokopchuk, Mykhail
        Letter sent from: Village of Trokovychi, Cherniakhiv raion, Zhytomyr oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Trokovychi, Cherniakhiv raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Village of Trokovychi, Cherniakhiv raion, Zhytomyr oblast Author was 10 years old in 1933. Their family of ten had 5 desiatyns [13.5 acres] of ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Trokovychi, Cherniakhiv raion, Zhytomyr oblast Letter describes ...
  • Budenny, Ivan
        Letter sent from: Village of Kekyne, Sumy raion, Sumy oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Kekyne, Sumy raion, Kharkiv oblast Current location name: Village of Kekyne, Sumy raion, Sumy oblast The author was 7 at the time of the famine. He writes that almost half the village ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Kekyne, Sumy raion, Sumy oblast Letter describes ...
  • Luzan, Mariia
        Letter sent from: Village of Byshiv, Makariv raion, Kyiv oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Viktorivka, Kaharlyk raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Village of Viktorivka, Myronivka raion, Kyiv oblast The author was born in 1925 and came from a family of 5 (her parents and 2 ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Byshiv, Makariv raion, Kyiv oblast Letter describes ...
  • Yermoshenko, Volodymyr (Vladimir)
        Letter sent from: Village of Hanno-Leontovycheve (Horoshanka), Ustynivka raion, Kirovohrad oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933: unnamed location, likely the same as mailing address: Anno-Leontovycheve (Horoshanka), Ustynivka raion, Odesa oblast Current location name: Village of Hanno-Leontovycheve (Horoshanka), Ustynivka raion, Kirovohrad oblast Vladimir (Volodymyr) Yermoshenko writes in Russian. He was 17 ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Hanno-Leontovycheve (Horoshanka), Ustynivka raion, Kirovohrad oblast Letter ...
  • Kutsenko, Yakiv (Yakov)
        Letter sent from: Kryvyi Rih, Dnipropetrovsk oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Baidivka, Starobilsk raion, Kharkiv oblast; and Lysychansk, Luhansk oblast Current location name: Village of Baidivka, Starobilsk raion, Luhansk oblast; and Lysychansk, Luhansk oblast Events take place in Luhansk oblast (Voroshylovhrad at the time); first in ...
      Letter sent from: Kryvyi Rih, Dnipropetrovsk oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 ...
  • Yaremachenko, K.D.
        Letter sent from: Village of Borovytsia, Chyhyryn raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Borovytsia, Chyhyryn raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Village of Borovytsia, Chyhyryn raion, Cherkasy oblast The author was 9 at the time of the Famine. Her parents had 8 children; they were ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Borovytsia, Chyhyryn raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes ...
  • Slavhorodsky P.M. (1)
        Letter sent from: Buzhanka, Lysianka raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Zhabianka, Lysianka raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Zhabianka, Lysianka raion, Cherkasy oblast The author names the perpetrators of the Famine in Zhabianka and then lists some of their individual actions. The letter notes that the perpetrators ...
      Letter sent from: Buzhanka, Lysianka raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in ...
  • Kompanets, Varvara
        Letter sent from: Village of Yakhnivka, Nizhyn raion, Chernihiv oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Mykolaivka, Nizhyn raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Village of Mykolaivka, Nizhyn raion, Chernihiv oblast Varvara Kompaniets was around 15 at the time of famine in her Mykolaivka, Nizhyn Raion, Chernihiv oblast. ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Yakhnivka, Nizhyn raion, Chernihiv oblast Letter describes ...
  • Pydoria N.E.
        Letter sent from: Village of Proletarske, Oleksandriia raion, Kirovohrad oblast Letter describes events in (1932-1933): Village of Proletarske, Oleksandriia raion, Dnipropetrovsk oblast Current location name: Village of Proletarske, Oleksandriia raion, Kirovohrad oblast Pydoria was 8 at time of the Famine. Her siblings and mom died of famine. She recalls a ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Proletarske, Oleksandriia raion, Kirovohrad oblast Letter describes ...
  • Postovyk O.M.
        Letter sent from: Village of Novhorodka, Kirovohrad oblast Letter describes events in (1932-1933): unspecified location, possibly the same as mailing address: Novhorodka, Odesa oblast Current location name: Novhorodka, Kirovohrad oblast General reflections about the famine rather than specific memories. More than half of the population in her village died of ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Novhorodka, Kirovohrad oblast Letter describes events in ...
  • Kaminska, Yevdokiia
        Letter sent from: Village of Sinhai, Korosten raion, Zhytomyr oblast Letter describes events in (1932-1933) in: Village of Syniukhyn Brid, Pervomaisk raion, Odesa oblast Current location name: Village of Syniukhyn Brid, Pervomaisk raion, Mykolaiv oblast Yevdokiia Kaminskaia was left as an orphan as a result of the Famine. Born 1928, ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Sinhai, Korosten raion, Zhytomyr oblast Letter describes ...
  • Bahrii Anna
        Letter sent from: Zolotonosha raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Dubynove, Kryve Ozero raion, Odesa oblast Current location name: Village of Dubynove, Savran raion, Odesa oblast Author, Anna Bahrii, was left alone at age 12 because other members of her family had died. She names ...
      Letter sent from: Zolotonosha raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 ...
  • Vovk, Stepan
        Letter sent from: Village of Tarnava, Monastyryshche raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Tarnava, Monastyryshche raion, Vinnytsia oblast Current location name: Village of Tarnava, Monastyryshche raion, Cherkasy oblast Born in 1915 (was 18 years old at time of Famine). Disabled veteran of the WWII. Orphaned ...
      Letter sent from: Village of Tarnava, Monastyryshche raion, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes ...
  • Skrypnyk, Fedir
        Letter sent from: City of Uman, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Village of Tabanove, Pidvysoke raion, Kyiv oblast Current location name: Village of Tabanove, Novoarkhanhelsk raion, Kirovohrad oblast The author, Fedir Skrypnyk was 15 in 1933 and has very specific memories about famine, dekurkulization, neighbors-victims, and perpetrators. ...
      Letter sent from: City of Uman, Cherkasy oblast Letter describes events in ...
  • Donichenko, Yevhen
        Letter sent from: Donetsk oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Villages of Bulatselove and Ostapivka, Blahodatne raion, Odesa oblast Current location name: Village of Bulatselove and Ostapivka, Arbuzynka (previously Blahodatne) raion, Mykolaiv (previously Odesa) oblast Author Yevhen Donichenko had sent a letter to Maniak before and is now following ...
      Letter sent from: Donetsk oblast Letter describes events in 1932-1933 in: Villages ...
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The Maniak Collection


HREC’s Maniak Collection contains valuable witness accounts gathered in the late 1980s by journalist Volodymyr Maniak. Maniak received thousands of accounts from survivors of the Holodomor after he published appeals for memoirs in Ukrainian newspapers. The HREC collection contains scans of the original letters and accounts, most of which are accompanied by a transcript. A selection of the accounts have also been translated into English. The database offers an array of searchability options.

Volodymyr Maniak was a central figure in bringing the existence of the Holodomor to the attention of the Ukrainian public in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Born on 6 November 1934 in Kryshtopivka, present-day Volochynsk raion, Khmelnytskyi oblast, Ukraine, he graduated from the Faculty of Journalism at Lviv University in 1956. Eventually he went on to a career as a writer and member of the Writers’ Union of Ukraine. Over time Maniak developed serious misgivings about the version of history offered by the Soviet regime.

In the late 1980s he became one of the leaders of Memorial society in Ukraine. At the same time he assumed a key role in the campaign to bring the facts about the Ukrainian Famine of 1932–33 to light. He was instrumental in initiating a project in the latter part of 1988 calling for the gathering of written testimonials about the Famine. He and his wife, Lidiia Kovalenko (born 5 May 1936 in Bochechky, present-day Konotop raion, Sumy oblast), fashioned the thousands of responses they received by mail into a ground-breaking work on the Holodomor, the manuscript Holod 33-y: Narodna knyha-memorial (The Famine of 33: A People’s Memorial Book). Its publication, however, was stalled by Soviet Ukrainian officials. In the interim, they prepared an account of the Famine more amenable to Ukrainian Party concerns, Holod 1932–1933 rokiv: Ochyma istorykiv, movoiu dokumentiv (The Famine of 1932–1933: In the Eyes of Historians and the Language of Documents), which was published in 1990. The Maniak–Kovalenko work appeared only in the latter part of 1991. Together with Kovalenko, Maniak was a leading force in the committee to establish the Association of Holodomor Researchers of Ukraine. However, he died on 15 June 1992 in a vehicle accident near Hlekhava, Vasylkiv raion, Kyiv oblast. Some two weeks later, Lidiia Kovalenko became the first head of the Holodomor Researchers’ association at its founding meeting. However, she died not long afterwards on 25 January 1993. Both Maniak and Kovalenko are buried in Kyiv’s Baikove Cemetery. Later in 1993 the two became joint recipients (posthumously) of the prestigious Shevchenko Award for their work on Holod 33-y.

Maniak and Kovalenko received thousands of accounts regarding the Holodomor by mail to their residence in Kyiv. The fate of the full collection is yet to be determined. However, they passed on approximately 700 of the original letters to a colleague from France, Wladimir Bojczuk (Volodymyr Boichuk), who they had earlier met and befriended in Kyiv at the first public conference dealing with the Holodomor. HREC is presently working with Mr. Bojczuk to ensure the preservation and accessibility of this unique and significant collection. Due to space considerations, only a portion of the documents gathered by Maniak and Kovalenko were included in Holod 33-y. Moreover, the accounts that appeared did so in an abridged form.

The letters represent a rich source of information about the Holodomor, as they were some of the first open responses to the Famine issue in Ukraine from the general public. Their significance is amplified by the fact that the Holodomor had always been a taboo topic for discussion in Soviet Ukraine. Tellingly, many of the letters submitted begin with an expression of gratitude for the opportunity to speak to the issue. Some typical specimen letters from the collection are attached.